Module 1:The Three Main Components of the Criminal Justice System Online Discussion help
The U.S. criminal justice system has three main components. Here, you will explore how law enforcement, courts, and corrections work together to form the criminal justice system.
All resources that can be found in your textbook, Introduction to Criminal Justice Interactive eBook, will be preceded by the word Textbook (e.g., Textbook Journal or Textbook Video). These resources can be easily located in the Media Library at the beginning of each chapter in the textbook. You will also find them embedded in the text as you complete your reading assignments.
Note: You have the option to permanently download this e-book to your virtual bookshelf, which will allow access even after this course ends. Please follow these Downloading Your eTextbook opens in new window directions to permanently include this e-book in your virtual bookshelf.
Textbook: Introduction to Criminal Justice Interactive eBook, Chapter 1
This chapter discusses the importance of understanding the criminal justice system, its foundation, how offenders move through the criminal justice system, and the importance of discretion and ethics for criminal justice professionals. After you review this resource, you should be able to answer the following questions:
- What are the foundations of the criminal justice system?
- What is the difference between crime-control and due-process models?
- What are the fundamentals of the criminal justice process as offenders flow through the police, courts, and corrections components, and what are the functions of each component?
Make sure you watch these videos within your textbook resource:
Textbook Video: Student on the Street Video 1.1: Arrest for Every Violation (5:31)
This video contains a series of short interviews for which you will be asked to consider the following: “Many people believe that police officers must arrest people for every violation they see. Do you agree or disagree?”
Textbook Video: 1.1 The Sovereign Citizen Movement (2:22)
This video provides a brief introduction to the sovereign citizen movement and some of the beliefs and motivations held by these citizens.
Textbook: Introduction to Criminal Justice Interactive eBook, Chapter 8
This chapter provides an understanding of the rights of the accused, specifically focusing on arrest, search and seizure, the right to remain silent, and the right to counsel. Additionally, the chapter explores the limitations the police face under the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments. After you review this resource, you should be able to answer the following questions:
- How does the Fourth Amendment provide for protection against unreasonable searches and seizures, and protection for people’s homes, property, and effects?
- What are the fundamentals of the Fifth Amendment in relation to self-incrimination and double jeopardy?
- What are the fundamentals of the Sixth Amendment as it relates to the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury, the right to effective counsel at trial, and other protections?
Make sure you watch these videos contained within your textbook resource:
Textbook Video: Student on the Street Video 8.2: Can Police Officers Search Your Entire Apartment? (4:44)
This video contains a series of short interviews for which you are asked to consider the following: “Police officers are at your apartment and have asked your roommate if they can search. Your roommate says yes. Can the officers search the entire apartment or only your roommate’s space?”
Textbook Video: 8.1 Stop and Frisk (3:16)
This video provides a brief introduction to the concept of stop and frisk, the rationale behind this police practice, and some of the controversy surrounding this practice.
Textbook Journal: Journal 8.1: The American Exclusionary Rule (pp. 309–313)
This journal article examines the exclusionary rule, its evolution in American and worldwide criminal justice systems, and value of this rule to various affected parties. After you review this resource, you should be able to answer the following questions:
- What is the exclusionary rule?
- How is the exclusionary rule applied?
- What is the significance of the deterrence-based mandatory rule?
Shapiro Library Research Guide: Criminal Justice opens in new window
Research guides are developed by librarians to help you find and locate the information you need for your classes, papers, and projects. You may wish to bookmark this valuable resource, as you will use it to support your work in this course, as well as throughout your program.
Reading: Challenge of Policing in a Democratic Society: A Personal Journey Toward Understanding PDF
This article will expand your knowledge. It reflects on one officer’s personal journey to understanding the purpose of policing in a democratic society. After you review this resource, you should be able to answer the following questions:
- What is the primary purpose of policing?
- What challenges does a democratic society pose for policing efforts?
- How can a change in personal outlook on the purpose of policing impact the role a police officer plays in their society and community?
Video: Beyond Search & Seizure (19:07) (Watch the entire video.)
This TEDx video will expand your knowledge. It discusses the use of surveillance technology, including ubiquitous surveillance in public, DNA surveillance, brain scans, and targeted advertising. After you review this resource, you should be able to answer the following questions:
- Pay particular attention to timestamp 8:04. What are some of the Fourth Amendment rights American citizens give up as a result of these surveillance technologies?
- Pay particular attention to timestamp 2:51. What do the Supreme Court and the Constitution say about our Fourth Amendment rights?
- Pay particular attention to timestamp 6:30. How can the Fourth Amendment be translated to apply to modern technologies?
- Pay particular attention to timestamp 15:02. What is the connection between the legitimacy and respect of law enforcement and the people’s willingness to obey the law?
CJ-112-J7904 Intro to Criminal Justice 23EW3 online class help
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